I’ve been in Maesot researching at the Charis Teaching Farm for the past three months now. This post gives a small update on projects we have in the works.
Black Soldier Fly Farm
Black Soldier Fly larvae are an amazing nutrition source for livestock. They are about 45% protein! and a sizeable amount of fat and carbs as well. This is perfect food for chickens, pigs and fish. Our children’s home at Doi Muser has chicken and fish currently and are planning to start raising pigs. This project, assuming we do it right, will make their livestock program successful and help to fund some of the overhead for the Children’s Home.
In the picture, you can see me shaping some eucalyptus wood for the base for the farm. The farm itself is a 55 gallon oil drum that has been modified to hold leftover food waste (see right). The way it works is simple: fill it with garbage, wait for BSF larvae to come, drain the drum of excess “tea” (a ready-made fertilizer) and place a ramp for the larvae to climb up and drop into a bucket. At this point, they are ready to serve to your livestock. There are some very… lively videos of BSF larvae eating hamburgers and other food online (warning: not meant for the squeamish).
Nursery / Greenhouse
During the rainy season our farm’s soil is difficult to plant in in the paddies. While we wait for the next two months to pass and soil to dry, we have begun work on a nursery that we will use to start our seeds. We have just finished work on the tables and only need to place them in the fields and cover them with plastic. We are very excited about all the growth potential this will have for our farm. The future plans for these crops are three-fold: seed acquisition, food-donation to the pregnant women our community outreach program is supporting and selling in the market as a means to promote organic food production and to support our programs. The first crop to be planted will be long bush beans; very tasty.
This crop is super legume. Most legumes (peas and beans) are nitrogen-fixing, meaning they pull nitrogen pull atmospheric nitrogen from the air and later release it into the soil. This legume, Sunn Hemp, also fixes phosphate, potassium and other elements. We plan to plant many of the fields with this crop during winter when the fields dry dries. This will enrich the soil. We will also use the stalks for composting, something that will be used for our worm bins and nursery projects.
There are only a few farms we know of that use worms in Maesot at this point. This means that we have a huge leg up on the the market. At this point, we have 17 large bins of earthworms turning our compost into worm castings. Worm castings are like farmer’s gold: completely decomposed organic matter, ripe for any plant to grow in. My current marketing plan is to double our production to around 36 buckets. Once this happens, we will begin to sell both the castings and the worms to other farms, while keeping what we need to continue production. This project alone has the potential to subsidize our farm’s monthly expenditures or at the least fund a couple laborers each work, both core goals of the farm.
While we have a lot of perennial crops like Chaya, Moringa, Papaya Banana, Coconut and Roselle, I’ve been trying to research efficient methods to farm annual crops that we can use for the markets or as donations. This month, we began with carrots (yellow and purple) and a longer red radish. These are a type of breakthrough crop because they haven’t been fully introduced into the local market, although yellow and purple carrots are the ancient progenitors of the modern orange carrots we see at the marketplace. Something
I found in my research is that radishes make an excellent companion crop for carrots. Radishes are about a 5-6 week crop while carrots take 4 months. The radishes serve to block the sun for the carrots keeping the soil moist so that the carrot seed can properly germinate. Then, by the time the carrots start needing space to grow, it’s time to harvest the radishes. I’m excited to see our results.
I hope you enjoyed this update. I figure most of our readers have been wanting to see what we’ve been doing. I’m considering doing a monthly update with pictures. Would anyone be interested in reading this? If so, click like at the bottom of the post and don’t forget to leave a comment.